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  • Writer's pictureUmut Aksan

Value Added Tax (VAT) Application in Turkey: Basic Information

The tax system in Turkey includes various types of taxes to support the country's economic structure and finance public services. One of these taxes is Value Added Tax or more commonly known as VAT. VAT is a consumption tax added to the value of goods or services and is paid by the consumer and collected by the seller, who then declares it to the government. In this article, we will explore the basic principles and operation of VAT implementation in Turkey.

What is VAT and How is it Applied?

VAT is a consum

ption tax added during the production and consumption stages of goods and services. In Turkey, VAT is applied at a rate determined by legal regulations. Producers or service providers add VAT to their prices and pass it on to the end-user. This way, the tax is collected through intermediaries, avoiding a cumulative effect in production and distribution, and the final consumer ultimately bears the tax burden.

VAT Rates

In Turkey, different rates of VAT apply to various goods and services. For instance, basic food items, medicines, and books are subject to a lower VAT rate, while luxury goods and certain services are subject to higher rates. VAT rates may change over time based on government policies and economic needs.

VAT Exemptions and Zero-Rating

In Turkey, certain goods and services may be exempt from VAT or subject to a zero-rated VAT. In such cases, these goods and services are considered VAT-exempt or zero-rated. For example, exports, sales made by specific social assistance institutions, certain education and healthcare services may qualify for VAT exemption or zero-rating.

VAT Declaration and Payment

VAT taxpayers in Turkey are re

quired to submit VAT returns at specific intervals (monthly, quarterly, or annually) and make the necessary payments. The VAT return outlines detailed sales and purchase transactions, and the tax calculations are based on the applicable VAT rates. Taxpayers must pay the VAT amount within the specified period and submit their returns to the relevant tax authorities electronically. Additionally, eligible taxpayers can claim VAT refunds following specific procedures.


Value Added Tax (VAT) in Turkey is a consumption tax added to many transactions from production to consumption. VAT is applied at specific rates and exemptions/zero-rating based on the country's economic needs and government policies. Taxpayers fulfill their obligations by submitting VAT returns and payments. However, due to the complex nature of VAT, seeking assistance from ta

x consultants and experts is crucial for businesses and consumers.

Note: This blog post is intended to provide general information only. As tax laws and practices may change over time, it is advisable to consult official tax authorities for precise and up-to-date information.



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